Global Engineering

4 Renewable Energy Projects That Will Change The World

With the increased seriousness of climate change and the amount of carbon emissions that we are putting into the air, it’s become imperative to create alternative, renewable forms of energy production that both meet our power needs and are not harmful to the environment.

Many countries are starting their own projects that will not only meet those two criteria, but ensure a safer future for all.

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5 Of The Biggest Engineering Projects Currently Underway

Human beings have a distinct love of taking what they’ve created on paper and making it a physical reality. This is especially true when it comes to the large, international engineering projects that we’re currently working on around the world.

Many of these are being built for the benefit of mankind as a whole, hoping to provide a number of advantages to the many millions that will prosper once these projects have been completed.

1. Gotthard Base Tunnel

The Gotthard Base Tunnel, which was technically completed in 2016 but is till being worked on, is a series of the biggest underground tunnels of all time that have been created to connect Switzerland and Italy.

Drilled underneath the Alps, the tunnel was created to reduce travel times between Zurich and Milan while also cutting down on the amount of commercial and passenger traffic that has been clogging up the mountain highways above ground. More than 2500 works spent a total of 14 years to connect the tunnels from end to end.

2. The Three Gorges Dam

China, having both a massive industry and a massive population, quickly found that their power consumption was too high for conventional means of power production.

Thus began the Three Gorges Dam project, which is the world’s largest hydro-power dam, reaching more than 1.3 miles wide, and consisting of 32 turbines that are able to generate as much electricity as 18 nuclear power stations.

It’s been built to resist a 7.0 magnitude earthquake, and can allow 10000-ton ocean frigates to sail from the interior of China to the open sea.

3. The Marmary Project

As one of the largest transportation projects in the world, there are four main components that make up the Marmary Project.

It consists of a 13.6 kilometre tunnel that will be spanning underneath Istanbul and the Bosporus Straits to connect Asia to Europe that will feature a modern train system that will see passengers travelling beneath the ocean once the tunnel has been fully completed.

This will allow passengers to travel in luxury while they commute to work and enjoy online pokies Australia or the latest TV series in comfort..

4. Andasol Solar Plant

The Andasol Solar Plant is the world’s very biggest solar power station, and can be found in Andalusia, Southern Spain. The plant is made up of over 600,000 solar panels that are spread over 126 acres of open land.

They use massive tanks of molten sand to store the energy that the panels produce over the day, converting the solar radiation into heat energy.

The power station is currently providing power to over 450,000 residents of Spain, making it one of the most environmentally friendly power stations globally, and the blueprint for many in the future.

5. Masdar City

Masdar City is set to be the world’s first zero carbon city, and is being constructed in Abu Dhabi.

The city will ban all automobiles, and will instead rely on mass public transport running completely on renewable energy, with the biggest solar farm in the middle east supplying the city’s energy needs.

The Worlds 6 Most Famous Engineering Projects

While modern engineering has certainly created some of the world’s most impressive structures, there have been many incredible feats of engineering throughout history which were once deemed impossible.

Not only impressive in terms of achievement, but these 6 structures also solved the riddle of some of modern day life’s most complex challenges. Fulfilling needs and implementing audacious measures, these famous engineering projects changed the world forever.

Transcontinental Railroad

Constructed between 1863 and 1869 and first known as the Pacific Railroad and later the Overland Route, the First Transcontinental Railroad was a 3,077km continuous railroad which connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network with the Pacific Coast on San Francisco Bay.

Revolutionising the settlement and economy of the American West, the Transcontinental Railroad made transporting good and passengers from coast to coast much faster and considerably less expensive.

Hoover Dam

In order to create the Hoover Dam, the Colorado River had to be diverted through an almost 5,000m series of tunnels, 17m in diameter, dug inside the canyon walls. Once the diversion had taken place, engineers had to create a structure strong enough to sustain future generations and keep the mighty Colorado River under control.

Upon its completion in 1935, the Hoover Dam – standing at 221m tall – was the world’s largest concrete structure and the foremost electricity producing facility.

Channel Tunnel

The longest tunnel with an undersea section in the world, the Channel Tunnel is a 50.45km rail tunnel beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover – an area populated with online blackjack lovers – which connects Kent, England to Pas-de-Calais, Northern France.

Bored through chalk marl stratum, the structure consists of three separate tunnels connected by cross-passage links and took 6 years to construct. The tunnel is used to transport passengers, vehicles, and goods and is one the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

Millau Viaduct

Spanning the Tarn river valley near Millau in Southern France, the Millau Viaduct is currently the tallest vehicular cable-stayed road bridge in the world. Standing at 343m, the Millau Viaduct is almost 20m taller than the Eiffel Tower and was opened in December 2004.

Designed by Michel Virlogeux, a structural engineer, and Norman Foster, an architect, the viaduct took 3 years to construct at a cost of approximately €394 million.

Burj Khalifa

Owing to its height and location, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai was created with the windy terrain and projected human demands on the building in mind.

Currently the tallest building in the world, the Burj Dubai stands at 829.8m tall and was built as the centrepiece of mixed-use development which includes homes, hotel, and parks.

Panama Canal

Prior to the opening of the Panama Canal in August 1914, a ship sailing from New York to San Francisco would have to sail around Cape Horn, at the tip of South America, which meant the journey took 67 days in total.

Upon the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914, the 82km waterway provided a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans which significantly improved the conditions maritime trade.

4 Classified Engineering Projects From History

Since the start of the 20th century, governments from all over the world have worked on countless classified projects. These were mainly based on war-related experimentation, and gave rise to some of the most advanced technologies in the world.

These range from truly destructive weapons to modern jet fighters and more, and for year were hidden from public knowledge.

But many of the once-classified projects have been released to the general public, and for the first time in decades, we can learn about the testing that was done by governmental engineering teams over the years.

1. The Baker Test

The Baker Test was part of Operation Crossroads, and saw the detonation of a 23-kiloton nuclear weapon that was set off before the surface of the ocean. The test was conducted in the Marshall Islands, and has given rise to one of the world’s most famous recordings.

The US battleship Arkansas was completely flattened by the blast and pushed out of the water. In the pictures we have today from the event, some believe it’s possible to see the ship in the blast, although the US government has yet to release any more information about the tests conducted.

It set the scene for much of what we know of modern nuclear weapons, which have become part of every day life, from the energy we produce to the games we play, such as slots NZ.

2. The U-2 Projects

The Advanced Development Program of Lockheed Martin known as Skunk Works, was in charge of a number of secret projects over the years. Lockheed Martin is one of the US government’s leading contractors, and has introduced countless aircraft technologies into the world, both for use in war and commercial transportation.

The U-2 is one of their most well kept secrets, and was designed as a high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft. The plane, which is able to hang around 21 kilometres in the air, made world news when it was shot down by Russia in 1960 while it was carrying Francis Gary Powers.

3. The B-2 Stealth Bomber

One of the most formidable aircraft in the sky today is the stealth bomber. These planes are almost completely undetectable by radar, they’re incredibly fast, and they’re able to fly at altitudes that keep them safe from most forms of danger.

They’re also some of the only vehicles in the world that are equipped with nuclear weapons, making them also one of the most dangerous war machines right now. The development of the B-2 was done in secret, and was created as a replacement for the B-1.

The plane was designed to be almost invisible to all forms of radar, and saw the green light during the Cold War as the US and Russia attempted to build better and more powerful war machines.

4. The Manhattan Projects

Before World War 2, our understanding of the atomic world was extremely limited. Scientists were aware of the power trapped within atoms, thanks to work done by Albert Einstein, and it didn’t take long for a project to start to try and harness this power.

The Manhattan Project was perhaps the best kept secret of the war, and by 1945, the US famous took the results of the project to Japan in the from of two nuclear weapons, changing history forever.

Fascinating Engineering Projects from MIT

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is known worldwide as a hub of learning, innovation, and invention. Often considered the forefront of modern and future technology, MIT has long been known as a bastion for those gifted among us to work on the incredible technologies that have been defining the world for over a decade.

It’s also one of the most prestigious schools in the world, attracting only the best and brightest as they debut new and fascinating projects aimed at bettering humanity as a whole. From furniture, vehicles, and new ways to generate electricity, MIT has been the site for some truly astounding feats of engineering.

1. Martian Cities

A group of MIT students revealed designs for a Mars City design competition, where they weighed in on how they would create and implement habitable cities for the red planet. Titled Redwood Forest, featured designs of domes that were connected by tunnels. Each one of the domes was home to a lush forest, and the city would be able to house up to 10000 people.

The team wanted to make use of every part of the Mars landscape, and to create a symbiotic relationship between humans and the planet, which included the generation of electricity through solar power thanks to the high amount of sunlight the planet receives.

2. Morphing Surfaces

Some years ago, researchers at MIT began creating a new type of smart surface, which was unique in the fact that it was able to morph in order to reduce drag. The material responded to external pressures, and was able to take on a dimpled form not unlike a golf ball in order to alter the object’s aerodynamic properties.

The researchers hope to implement the technology into vehicles, but also into the construction into buildings in areas that suffer from high winds. This would give the buildings the ability to withstand weather extremes, resulting in far less damage.

3. Self-Repairing Electric Vehicles

Another high profile project currently in the works between MIT and a car manufacturer involves work on the Lamborghini Terzo Millenio. The electric super-car, while similar in many ways to other modern super-cars, is different in that it doesn’t contain a battery.

The project instead makes use of super-capacitor technology that’s build directly into the body of the car as a method of storing electricity. Carbon nanotubes run throughout the body, and are able to self-heal any fractures and imperfections without any maintenance.

We may start to see these same cars with powerful computing systems installed, allowing for advanced GPS navigation, and the chance to enjoy some other features and games, such as online pokies NZ.

4. Graphene

We’ve long heard the incredible qualities of the super material graphene, but MIT students have been pushing the boundaries of what the material can do. Graphene is a pure carbon material, and is considered the strongest material in the world.

MIT researchers have found success in making the material stronger than steel while only a fraction of its density. Before the breakthrough, the material was only strong in a 2-dimensional form, but their research has seen a new wave of 3D graphene structures, creating something entirely new.

4 Great Project Ideas For Engineering Students

Electrical engineering is often seen as the basis of all other types of engineering. Every piece of technology in the modern world runs off of some type of electricity, be it light, sound, electro-magnetic fields, and more. It’s an incredibly important field that new and fascinating projects every year as engineers attempt to make technology for the betterment of humanity.

For those students that want to start a new project in electrical engineering, these are some of the top ideas at the moment.

1. Automated Solar Trackers

Automatic solar trackers are an ambitious project that would allow solar panels to automatically shift toward the sun. Most modern solar farms are set in one direction in order to gain the most light at the brightest points of the day, but they are unable to follow the sun as it moves through the sky, and their total energy output is much lower because of this.

Creating an automated solar tracker would see the panels follow the sun from morning to evening, allowing them to increase their energy output tenfold throughout the day.

2. Automated Anchor Light

Most international regulations require that boasts carry lights during sunset and sunrise, as well as when there is restricted visibility due to weather conditions. The number and colours of the light depend wholly on the vessel they’re attached to.

The idea behind this project is to create a masthead anchor light that turns on and off automatically, and allows other vessels to see exactly where the boat is sitting, even in pitch-black anchorage.

3. Finger Print Security System

Biometric security technology is being heralded as the next stage of modern security. Fingerprints have always been at the forefront of security due to the fact that every human being on the planet has a unique fingerprint.

The idea behind the project is to make a home-based security system that works directly with the person or persons whose fingerprints match with the system. It may first see light in the work place, where employees would simply have their fingerprint scanned when starting the work day, essentially making it a modern version of signing a work ticket in, but with much more flexibility and practicality.

4. Electronic Notepad

The intention of this project is to create an electronic note pad that will be made up with a touchscreen and basic storage memory. The notepad would be used as alternative to paper and as a call against deforestation. It may also be advanced enough for simple games and applications, such as a no deposit casino suite or solitaire.

Not only would the user be able to carry it around with them wherever they go, it would also be able to transfer data between computers and other devices, allowing for notes to be transferred and saved instantly.

It would have a fast sampling rate and high accuracy, making it perfect for both writing and drawing. An SD card will be interfaced directly, along with a microcontroller, allowing the user to use for a number of tasks.